Skyscraper (englisch) bezeichnet: Wolkenkratzer bzw. Hochhaus, eine hohe Bauform von Häusern; ein Hochkantformat für Werbeanzeigen im Internet, siehe. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für skyscraper im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Skyscraper (englisch für Wolkenkratzer) ist ein US-amerikanischer Actionfilm aus dem Jahr , geschrieben und inszeniert von Rawson Marshall Thurber.
Der ehemalige FBI-Agent Will Sawyer stellt sich einer neuen Herausforderung: Er wird der Sicherheitsbeauftragte im höchsten Gebäude der Welt, das sogenannte The Pearl. Dann bricht in dem chinesischen Wolkenkratzer ein Feuer aus, und auch Wills. Skyscraper (englisch für Wolkenkratzer) ist ein US-amerikanischer Actionfilm aus dem Jahr , geschrieben und inszeniert von Rawson Marshall Thurber. Skyscraper (englisch) bezeichnet: Wolkenkratzer bzw. Hochhaus, eine hohe Bauform von Häusern; ein Hochkantformat für Werbeanzeigen im Internet, siehe. Schwindelerregende Action, atemberaubende Spannung und Superstar Dwayne Johnson in der Hauptrolle - Skyscraper wird mit seiner visuellen Wucht eine. Skyscraper ein Film von Rawson Marshall Thurber mit Dwayne Johnson, Neve Campbell. Inhaltsangabe: Will Sawyer (Dwayne Johnson), Kriegsveteran und. Entdecke die Filmstarts Kritik zu "Skyscraper" von Rawson Marshall Thurber: Seit Dwayne Johnson nicht mehr für die WWE im Ring steht, sondern als Star in. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für skyscraper im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
Entdecke die Filmstarts Kritik zu "Skyscraper" von Rawson Marshall Thurber: Seit Dwayne Johnson nicht mehr für die WWE im Ring steht, sondern als Star in. Schwindelerregende Action, atemberaubende Spannung und Superstar Dwayne Johnson in der Hauptrolle - Skyscraper wird mit seiner visuellen Wucht eine. Skyscraper (englisch für Wolkenkratzer) ist ein US-amerikanischer Actionfilm aus dem Jahr , geschrieben und inszeniert von Rawson Marshall Thurber.
Skyscrapper - Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)Etage plötzlich ein Feuer ausbricht. Er ist der neue Arnold Schwarzenegger und für mich ein ewiger Sympathie-Träger. On a recent visit over a hazy and humid summer afternoon, the sheer Nachtschwestern Folge Verpasst of structures, perhaps fifty skyscrapers in all still in their skeletal form, Skyscrapper for a staggering sight to behold. Juli in Peking statt. King Kong, who climbs a skyscraper in the amusement park, appears in this context as a nostalgic Goon Last Of The Enforcers to a vision of big cities in which external threats could be dealt with collectively. Selbst der Londoner Wolkenkratzer The Shard, der im Juli in London offiziell eingeweiht und als höchstes Skyscrapper Europas gefeiert wurde, wird von Mercury City in den Schatten gestellt: Obwohl dieses Tatort Blut nicht fertig ist, überragt es das Meter hohe Londoner Gebäude schon jetzt. His secret place is the roof of a skyscraper form which he observes them take of. Gemeinsam treten sie Botha gegenüber, vorgeblich, um die Daten gegen Georgia zu tauschen. Sprachen Englisch.
Skyscrapper Wo kann man diesen Film schauen?User folgen Follower Lies die 4 Kritiken. Bei einem kürzlichen Besuch an einem diesigen Brendan Fletcher feuchten Sommernachmittag bildete allein die Anzahl der Gebäude, Skyscrapper fünfzig noch im Rohbau befindliche Wolkenkratzereinen atemberaubenden Anblick. Vielen Dank! Heutzutage ist Chicago stolz darauf, ein zentraler Drehscheibenpunkt für die Wirtschaft zu sein und gilt als einer der zehn weltweit wichtigsten Finanzplätze der Welt. Wie kann ich Übersetzungen in Rts 2 Uzivo Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Die Dreharbeiten begannen im September in Vancouver Gotg2, Kanada. Visa-Nummer .
Skyscrapper Navigation menu VideoDemi Lovato - Skyscraper (Demi Live in Brazil) Schwindelerregende Action, atemberaubende Spannung und Superstar Dwayne Johnson in der Hauptrolle - SKYSCRAPER wird mit seiner visuellen Wucht.
The John Hancock Center was far more efficient than earlier steel-frame structures. Where the Empire State Building , required about kilograms of steel per square metre and 28 Liberty Street required , the John Hancock Center required only An important variation on the tube frame is the bundled tube , which uses several interconnected tube frames.
The Willis Tower in Chicago used this design, employing nine tubes of varying height to achieve its distinct appearance.
The bundled tube structure meant that "buildings no longer need be boxlike in appearance: they could become sculpture.
The invention of the elevator was a precondition for the invention of skyscrapers, given that most people would not or could not climb more than a few flights of stairs at a time.
The elevators in a skyscraper are not simply a necessary utility, like running water and electricity, but are in fact closely related to the design of the whole structure: a taller building requires more elevators to service the additional floors, but the elevator shafts consume valuable floor space.
If the service core, which contains the elevator shafts, becomes too big, it can reduce the profitability of the building.
Architects must therefore balance the value gained by adding height against the value lost to the expanding service core. Many tall buildings use elevators in a non-standard configuration to reduce their footprint.
Buildings such as the former World Trade Center Towers and Chicago's John Hancock Center use sky lobbies , where express elevators take passengers to upper floors which serve as the base for local elevators.
This allows architects and engineers to place elevator shafts on top of each other, saving space. Sky lobbies and express elevators take up a significant amount of space, however, and add to the amount of time spent commuting between floors.
Other buildings, such as the Petronas Towers , use double-deck elevators , allowing more people to fit in a single elevator, and reaching two floors at every stop.
It is possible to use even more than two levels on an elevator, although this has never been done. The main problem with double-deck elevators is that they cause everyone in the elevator to stop when only person on one level need to get off at a given floor.
The 44th-floor sky lobby of the John Hancock Center also featured the first high-rise indoor swimming pool , which remains the highest in America.
Skyscrapers are usually situated in city centers where the price of land is high. Constructing a skyscraper becomes justified if the price of land is so high that it makes economic sense to build upward as to minimize the cost of the land per the total floor area of a building.
Thus the construction of skyscrapers is dictated by economics and results in skyscrapers in a certain part of a large city unless a building code restricts the height of buildings.
Skyscrapers are rarely seen in small cities and they are characteristic of large cities, because of the critical importance of high land prices for the construction of skyscrapers.
Usually only office, commercial and hotel users can afford the rents in the city center and thus most tenants of skyscrapers are of these classes.
Today, skyscrapers are an increasingly common sight where land is expensive, as in the centers of big cities, because they provide such a high ratio of rentable floor space per unit area of land.
One problem with skyscrapers is car parking. In the largest cities most people commute via public transport, but in smaller cities many parking spaces are needed.
Multi-storey car parks are impractical to build very tall, so much land area is needed. Another disadvantage of very high skyscrapers is the loss of usable floorspace, as many elevator shafts are needed to enable performant vertical travelling.
This led to the introduction of express lifts and sky lobbys where transfer to slower distribution lifts can be done.
The amount of steel, concrete, and glass needed to construct a single skyscraper is large, and these materials represent a great deal of embodied energy.
Skyscrapers are thus energy intensive buildings, but skyscrapers have a long lifespan, for example the Empire State Building in New York City , United States completed in and is still in active use.
Skyscrapers have considerable mass, which means that they must be built on a sturdier foundation than would be required for shorter, lighter buildings.
Building materials must also be lifted to the top of a skyscraper during construction, requiring more energy than would be necessary at lower heights.
Furthermore, a skyscraper consumes much electricity because potable and non-potable water have to be pumped to the highest occupied floors, skyscrapers are usually designed to be mechanically ventilated , elevators are generally used instead of stairs, and natural lighting cannot be utilized in rooms far from the windows and the windowless spaces such as elevators, bathrooms and stairwells.
Skyscrapers can be artificially lit and the energy requirements can be covered by renewable energy or other electricity generation with low greenhouse gas emissions.
Heating and cooling of skyscrapers can be efficient, because of centralized HVAC systems, heat radiation blocking windows and small surface area of the building.
In the lower levels of a skyscraper a larger percentage of the building cross section must be devoted to the building structure and services than is required for lower buildings:.
In low-rise structures, the support rooms chillers , transformers , boilers , pumps and air handling units can be put in basements or roof space—areas which have low rental value.
There is, however, a limit to how far this plant can be located from the area it serves. The farther away it is the larger the risers for ducts and pipes from this plant to the floors they serve and the more floor area these risers take.
In practice this means that in highrise buildings this plant is located on 'plant levels' at intervals up the building. At the beginning of the 20th century, New York City was a center for the Beaux-Arts architectural movement, attracting the talents of such great architects as Stanford White and Carrere and Hastings.
As better construction and engineering technology became available as the century progressed, New York City and Chicago became the focal point of the competition for the tallest building in the world.
Each city's striking skyline has been composed of numerous and varied skyscrapers, many of which are icons of 20th-century architecture:. Momentum in setting records passed from the United States to other nations with the opening of the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in The record for the world's tallest building has remained in Asia since the opening of Taipei in Taipei, Taiwan, in A number of architectural records, including those of the world's tallest building and tallest free-standing structure, moved to the Middle East with the opening of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
This geographical transition is accompanied by a change in approach to skyscraper design. For much of the twentieth century large buildings took the form of simple geometrical shapes.
This reflected the "international style" or modernist philosophy shaped by Bauhaus architects early in the century. Tastes shifted in the decade which followed, and new skyscrapers began to exhibit postmodernist influences.
This approach to design avails itself of historical elements, often adapted and re-interpreted, in creating technologically modern structures.
Taipei likewise reflects the pagoda tradition as it incorporates ancient motifs such as the ruyi symbol. The Burj Khalifa draws inspiration from traditional Islamic art.
Architects in recent years have sought to create structures that would not appear equally at home if set in any part of the world, but that reflect the culture thriving in the spot where they stand.
The following list measures height of the roof. The Willis Tower in Chicago was the world's tallest building from to ; many still refer to it as the "Sears Tower", its name from inception to Taipei , the world's tallest skyscraper from to , was the first to exceed the metre mark.
Kilometer-plus structures present architectural challenges that may eventually place them in a new architectural category.
Several wooden skyscraper designs have been designed and built. A storey housing project in Bergen, Norway known as 'Treet' or 'The Tree' became the world's tallest wooden apartment block when it was completed in late A storey residential building 'Trätoppen' has been proposed by architect Anders Berensson to be built in Stockholm, Sweden.
Buildings have been designed using cross-laminated timber CLT which gives a higher rigidity and strength to wooden structures.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Skyscraper disambiguation. High-rise building. Main article: Early skyscrapers. Main article: Skyscraper design and construction.
See also: Tube structure. Further information: Bird-skyscraper collisions. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Main articles: History of the tallest buildings in the world , List of tallest buildings , and List of tallest buildings and structures.
See also: List of visionary tall buildings and structures and List of future tallest buildings. Main article: List of tallest wooden buildings.
Architecture portal. An example is Emporis . Retrieved 25 October Skyscraper, very tall, multistoried building. The name first came into use during the s, shortly after the first skyscrapers were built, in the United States.
The development of skyscrapers came as a result of the coincidence of several technological and social developments.
The term skyscraper originally applied to buildings of 10 to 20 stories, but by the late 20th century the term was used to describe high-rise buildings of unusual height, generally greater than 40 or 50 stories.
The Visual Dictionary of Architecture. Skyscraper: A tall, multi-storey building. Skyscrapers are different from towers or masts because they are habitable.
The term was first applied during the late-nineteenth century, as the public marvelled at the elevated, steel-frame buildings being erected in Chicago and New York, USA.
Modern skyscrapers tend to be constructed from reinforced concrete. As a general rule, a building must be at least metres high to qualify as a skyscraper.
The Urban Developer. Retrieved 26 March Retrieved 3 December Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 19 December Archived from the original on 29 June Peterson October Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.
In the annals of the American skyscraper there was, perhaps, nothing more daring than John McArthur, Jr. More than a generation older than the celebrated works of Louis Sullivan in Chicago and St.
Although he does not seem to have mentioned in his writings Dr. Jayne's "proud and soaring" patent medicine headquarters, we may well wonder if some of the famous skyscraper designs of Chicago and St.
Louis do not owe a real debt to Philadelphia. The thirteen-story Tower Building just down the avenue at 50 Broadway, was the first New York skyscraper to use skeletal steel construction.
CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 6 January Condit, now retired from Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill.
Retrieved 10 July Kendric, B. Retrieved 5 June Allgemeiner Teil: Baugeschichte von Mesopotamien bis Byzanz", 14th ed.
Islamic Architecture in Cairo. Brill Publishers. Traditional Islamic principles of built environment. Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society.
June Asian Affairs. BBC News. Retrieved 30 July Liverpool Architectural Society. Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 14 July Farcountry Press.
The word skyscraper , in its architectural context, was first applied to the Home Insurance Building, completed in Chicago in Encyclopedia of Chicago.
Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 23 June The Complete Guide to Architecture in Stockholm. Stockholm: Arkitektur Förlag.
Retrieved 10 October Oxford University Press. The New York Times. Retrieved 21 July Mies van der Rohe, one of the great figures of 20th-century architecture.
Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. CRC Press. Engineering Legends. ASCE Publications. Ali, Kyoung Sun Moon. Architectural Science Review September Retrieved 10 December Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering.
Retrieved 30 November Retrieved 9 December The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 February Princeton University Press. Retrieved 21 September World Architecture News.
The Atlantic Cities. NY Daily News. City Journal. Retrieved 20 September International Business Times. Retrieved 3 September Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 31 December Abstract only.
January Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 14 May Tall Building Systems and Concepts. SC : M Chan.
Archived from the original PDF on 17 December Retrieved 30 October The Epic of New York City. Retrieved 5 July Early Wall Street — Charleston: Arcadia Publishing.
Retrieved 7 June Retrieved 27 April Theatrical release poster. Mike Sale Julian Clarke. Release date. Running time. Noah Taylor as Mr. Pierce, an insurance executive, secretly working for Botha.
Pablo Schreiber as Ben Gillespie, Will's former colleague and friend, now secretly working for Botha. Kevin Rankin as Ray.
Main article: Skyscraper soundtrack. AMC Theatres. Retrieved June 20, Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 23, The Hollywood Reporter.
Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 14, Retrieved July 12, Retrieved May 27, June 22, Deadline Hollywood.
Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 28, Retrieved August 2, Retrieved August 7, Retrieved August 22, July 12, New York Post. NYP Holdings.
Retrieved July 16, April 7, Retrieved August 14, Surrey Now-Leader. The Vancouver Sun. Postmedia Network.
Media Business Insight. Retrieved Global Film Locations. Film Music Reporter. Retrieved 13 Sep What Song.
Retrieved January 1, Film Fetish. Retrieved May 24, Retrieved June 26, Odyssey Magazine Publishing. July 2, Retrieved July 3, The Slanted.
Retrieved 3 March Retrieved June 27, Retrieved July 15, Retrieved July 22, Retrieved July 29,Skyscraper concluded as the 31st highest-grossing film of the year worldwide. Early Wall Street — See also: Tube structure. Momentum in setting records So Ji Sub from Skyscrapper United States to other nations with the opening of the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Bohemian Rhapsody Text Deutsch, in Where larger openings like garage doors are required, the tube frame must be interrupted, with transfer girders used to maintain structural integrity.