Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (* Oktober als Margaret Hilda Roberts in Grantham, Lincolnshire; † 8. April in London) war eine. Die eiserne Lady. ()1 Std. 45 MinX-Ray6. Szenen aus dem Leben der britischen Premierministerin Margaret Thatcher am Vorabend des. Margaret Thatcher - die "Eiserne Lady". Sie kam aus bescheidenen Verhältnissen und wurde eine der bedeutendsten wie umstrittensten.
The Iron Lady IS-Terrormiliz reklamiert Anschlag in Wien für sich
Die erste weibliche Regierungschefin Europas, Margaret Thatcher, blickt mit Mitte 80 zurück auf ihr Leben. Die ältere Dame erzählt von der harten Arbeit, die hinter ihrer Karriere steckt, von Hindernissen, die ihr im Weg standen, und von ihrem. Die Eiserne Lady (Originaltitel: The Iron Lady) ist ein Spielfilm der britischen Regisseurin Phyllida Lloyd aus dem Jahr Die Filmbiografie behandelt das. Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (* Oktober als Margaret Hilda Roberts in Grantham, Lincolnshire; † 8. April in London) war eine. Die eiserne Lady. ()1 Std. 45 MinX-Ray6. Szenen aus dem Leben der britischen Premierministerin Margaret Thatcher am Vorabend des. Die Eiserne Lady. Stills; Fotos; PRESSEKONFERENZ; ROTER TEPPICH. Und wenn Meryl Streep als Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady ihre Sympathie nicht nur für ihren guten Freund Ronald Reagan, sondern vor allem für die. In Phyllida Lloyds Film „The Iron Lady“ mit Meryl Streep in der Titelrolle ist es umgekehrt: Die inzwischen von Demenz befallene Politikerin wird.
Die Eiserne Lady. Stills; Fotos; PRESSEKONFERENZ; ROTER TEPPICH. Und wenn Meryl Streep als Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady ihre Sympathie nicht nur für ihren guten Freund Ronald Reagan, sondern vor allem für die. Die Eiserne Lady (Originaltitel: The Iron Lady) ist ein Spielfilm der britischen Regisseurin Phyllida Lloyd aus dem Jahr Die Filmbiografie behandelt das.
In she was hospitalised again when she fell and broke her arm. Stone was previously commissioned to paint portraits of the Queen and Queen Mother.
Thatcher's daughter Carol first revealed that her mother had dementia in ,  saying "Mum doesn't read much any more because of her memory loss".
In her memoir, Carol wrote that her mother "could hardly remember the beginning of a sentence by the time she got to the end".
Baroness Thatcher died on 8 April , at the age of 87, after suffering a stroke. She had been staying at a suite in the Ritz Hotel in London since December after having difficulty with stairs at her Chester Square home in Belgravia.
Reactions to the news of Thatcher's death were mixed across the UK, ranging from tributes lauding her as Britain's greatest-ever peacetime prime minister to public celebrations of her death and expressions of hatred and personalised vitriol.
Details of Thatcher's funeral had been agreed with her in advance. After the service at St Paul's Cathedral, Thatcher's body was cremated at Mortlake Crematorium , where her husband had been cremated.
In a private ceremony, Thatcher's ashes were interred in the grounds of the hospital, next to those of her husband. Thatcherism represented a systematic and decisive overhaul of the post-war consensus , whereby the major political parties largely agreed on the central themes of Keynesianism , the welfare state , nationalised industry, and close regulation of the economy, and high taxes.
Thatcher generally supported the welfare state, while proposing to rid it of abuses. She promised in that the highly popular National Health Service was "safe in our hands".
Heavily influenced by right-wing think tanks, and especially by Keith Joseph ,  Thatcher broadened her attack.
Thatcherism came to refer to her policies as well as aspects of her ethical outlook and personal style, including moral absolutism , nationalism , interest in the individual , and an uncompromising approach to achieving political goals.
Thatcher defined her own political philosophy, in a major and controversial break with the "one-nation" conservatism  of her predecessor Edward Heath , in a interview published in Woman's Own magazine:.
I think we have gone through a period when too many children and people have been given to understand "I have a problem, it is the Government's job to cope with it!
There is no such thing! There are individual men and women and there are families and no government can do anything except through people and people look to themselves first.
It is our duty to look after ourselves and then also to help look after our neighbour and life is a reciprocal business and people have got the entitlements too much in mind without the obligations.
The number of adults owning shares rose from 7 per cent to 25 per cent during her tenure, and more than a million families bought their council houses, giving an increase from 55 per cent to 67 per cent in owner occupiers from to The houses were sold at a discount of 33—55 per cent, leading to large profits for some new owners.
Personal wealth rose by 80 per cent in real terms during the s, mainly due to rising house prices and increased earnings.
Shares in the privatised utilities were sold below their market value to ensure quick and wide sales, rather than maximise national income.
The "Thatcher years" were also marked by periods of high unemployment and social unrest,   and many critics on the left of the political spectrum fault her economic policies for the unemployment level; many of the areas affected by mass unemployment as well as her monetarist economic policies remained blighted for decades, by such social problems as drug abuse and family breakdown.
Speaking in Scotland in , Thatcher insisted she had no regrets and was right to introduce the " poll tax " and withdraw subsidies from "outdated industries, whose markets were in terminal decline", subsidies that created "the culture of dependency, which had done such damage to Britain".
Critics on the left describe her as divisive  and claim she condoned greed and selfishness. Journalist Michael White , writing in the aftermath of the —08 financial crisis , challenged the view that her reforms were still a net benefit.
Thatcher did "little to advance the political cause of women" either within her party or the government. Purvis claims that, although Thatcher had struggled laboriously against the sexist prejudices of her day to rise to the top, she made no effort to ease the path for other women.
Thatcher did not regard women's rights as requiring particular attention as she did not, especially during her premiership, consider that women were being deprived of their rights.
She had once suggested the shortlisting of women by default for all public appointments, yet had also proposed that those with young children ought to leave the work force.
Thatcher's stance on immigration in the late s was perceived as part of a rising racist public discourse,  which Barker terms " new racism ".
Her strategy was to undermine the NF narrative by acknowledging that many of their voters had serious concerns in need of addressing. In she criticised Labour immigration policy with the goal of attracting voters away from the NF and to the Conservatives.
Critics on the left accused her of pandering to racism. Many Thatcherite policies had an influence on the Labour Party,   which returned to power in under Tony Blair.
Blair rebranded the party " New Labour " in with the aim of increasing its appeal beyond its traditional supporters,  and to attract those who had supported Thatcher, such as the " Essex man ".
Shortly after Thatcher's death in , Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond argued that her policies had the "unintended consequence" of encouraging Scottish devolution.
Campbell b , p. Thatcher's tenure of 11 years and days as prime minister was the longest since Lord Salisbury 13 years and days, in three spells and the longest continuous period in office since Lord Liverpool 14 years and days.
She was chosen as the Woman of the Year , the year in which the Falklands War began under her command and resulted in the British victory. In contrast to her relatively poor average approval rating as prime minister,  Thatcher has since ranked highly in retrospective opinion polling and, according to YouGov , she is "see[n] in overall positive terms" by the British public.
According to theatre critic Michael Billington ,  Thatcher left an "emphatic mark" on the arts while Prime Minister.
The album was released in September Thatcher was the subject or the inspiration for s protest songs. Thatcher was parodied by Wells in several media.
He collaborated with Richard Ingrams on the spoof " Dear Bill " letters, which ran as a column in Private Eye magazine; they were also published in book form and became a West End stage revue titled Anyone for Denis?
Since her premiership, Thatcher has been portrayed in a number of television programmes, documentaries, films and plays.
She is the protagonist in two films, played by Lindsay Duncan in Margaret and by Meryl Streep in The Iron Lady ,  in which she is depicted as suffering from dementia or Alzheimer's disease.
Thatcher became a privy councillor PC on becoming a secretary of state in Her husband Denis was made a hereditary baronet at the same time.
In the Falklands, Margaret Thatcher Day has been marked each 10 January since ,  commemorating her first visit to the Islands in January , six months after the end of the Falklands War in June Thatcher became a member of the Lords in with a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Iron Lady. For other uses, see Iron Lady disambiguation and Margaret Thatcher disambiguation.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from to The Right Honourable. Thatcher c. Harold Wilson James Callaghan. Serving with Richard Sharples and Lynch Maydon.
Harold Macmillan Alec Douglas-Home. Shadow Cabinet offices. Lord Temporal. Denis Thatcher. Mark Carol.
Barrister chemist politician. This article is part of a series about. Secretary of State for Education and Science.
Grantham: Margaret Thatcher's birthplace. Commemorative plaque . Margaret and her elder sister were raised in the bottom of two flats on North Parade.
This woman is headstrong, obstinate and dangerously self-opinionated. See also: Shadow Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher.
Main article: Premiership of Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher's 10 Downing Street , c. See also: budget. We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands.
Thatcher with President George H. Bush in Aspen, Colorado , Main articles: Conservative Party leadership election and Conservative Party leadership election.
Extract from The Downing Street Years. Being Prime Minister is a lonely job. In a sense, it ought to be: you cannot lead from the crowd.
But with Denis there I was never alone. What a man. What a husband. What a friend. Thatcher in the US, Main article: Death and funeral of Margaret Thatcher.
Thatcher's coffin being carried up the steps of St Paul's Cathedral. Related movements. Margaret Thatcher was not merely the first woman and the longest-serving Prime Minister of modern times, but the most admired, most hated, most idolised and most vilified public figure of the second half of the twentieth century.
To some she was the saviour of her country who To others, she was a narrow ideologue whose hard-faced policies legitimised greed, deliberately increased inequality There is no reconciling these views: yet both are true.
Main article: Cultural depictions of Margaret Thatcher. Main article: Honours of Margaret Thatcher. Orders of chivalry.
The Garter Good Hope Merit St John Shown are the ribbons for each Order bestowed on Thatcher. Thatcher The Downing Street Years.
The Path to Power. Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World. Harper Perennial. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list link.
Not the timbre so much as, well, the tone — the condescending explanatory whine which treats the squirming interlocutor as an eight-year-old child with personality deficiencies.
It has been fascinating, recently, to watch her striving to eliminate this. She was saying that she wouldn't dream of seeking the leadership.
She sounded like a cat sliding down a blackboard. But the chemistry between them worked. Reagan had been grateful for her interest in him at a time when the British establishment refused to take him seriously; she agreed with him about the importance of creating wealth, cutting taxes, and building up stronger defences against Soviet Russia; and both believed in liberty and free-market freedom, and in the need to outface what Reagan would later call 'the evil empire'.
Because they are here, they are subject to terrorist attack. It is inconceivable that they should be refused the right to use American aircraft and American pilots in the inherent right of self-defence, to defend their own people.
In this she was less radical than her critics or some of her admirers supposed. Her concern was to focus more on abuse of the system, on bureaucracy and union militancy, and on the growth of what later came to be called the dependency culture, rather than on the system itself.
By the s, both the Conservatives and Labour had taken similar positions on immigration policy;  the British Nationality Act was passed with cross-party support.
Retrieved 28 July The Critic Magazine. Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 18 March Who's Who. Retrieved 15 December Belfast Telegraph.
Associated Press. Thatcher: The Battle for Britain's Soul". National Review. Retrieved 21 April The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 July Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School.
Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 9 April Popular Science. Retrieved 22 November London Review of Books.
Retrieved 11 June The Guardian. Retrieved 31 December BBC News. Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 29 April The Economist.
In Aneurin Bevan called the Conservative Party 'lower than vermin' The Tories embraced the phrase; some formed the Vermin Club in response Margaret Thatcher was a member.
Parliamentary Debates Hansard. House of Lords. Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 10 January Retrieved 6 January The London Gazette.
Margaret Thatcher Foundation. Retrieved 8 April BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 16 June House of Commons. The Independent.
Retrieved 2 November Chronicles published June Retrieved 23 October The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October The Spectator published 25 January Retrieved 13 July The Times.
Retrieved 29 September The Observer. Retrieved 23 October — via Newspapers. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 25 February The Times Amid uproar from both sides of the house, Mrs Thatcher shouted: 'So you are afraid of an election are you?
Afraid, Afraid, Afraid. Frightened, frit — couldn't take it. Couldn't stand it. Retrieved 13 April The Scotsman. Retrieved 20 April On This Day — Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 17 October At Helsinki we endorsed the status quo in Eastern Europe.
In return we had hoped for the freer movement of people and ideas across the Iron Curtain. So far we have got nothing of substance.
Red Star. The Sunday Times. Archived from the original PDF on 29 October Archived from the original on 16 June Retrieved 20 May While it has been applied to other women since from politicians to tennis players , the resonance with Margaret Thatcher remains the strongest.
Retrieved 21 March The Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine. Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 31 March Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 21 November Retrieved 7 April Politics Retrieved 14 November Financial Times.
Retrieved 8 October The New York Times. Retrieved 30 October Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 29 October The Wall Street Journal.
The Record. The Journal. Retrieved 5 July Retrieved 20 November Press Association. Retrieved 26 December Bitter coal strike wrenched British economy, society".
The Dallas Morning News. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or UK public library membership required.
Institute of Economic Affairs. Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 23 October — via the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.
Conflict Archive on the Internet. Ulster University. Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 17 June Iron Lady has been a transformative experience that has supported me in getting much better at my own strengths, finding a much better balance in life and ability to contribute much more everywhere in life.
Every person around me appreciates the positive contribution that the program has made in my life. My reading speed and my ability to learn has increased multi-fold through the program.
My ability to grasp things, communicate, and live with a sense of purpose has gone through the roof. Her deputy, Geoffrey Howe , resigns after being humiliated by her in a cabinet meeting, Heseltine challenges her for the party leadership, and her loss of support from her cabinet colleagues leaves her little choice but reluctantly to resign as Prime Minister after eleven years in office.
She is shown as still disheartened about it almost twenty years later. Eventually, Thatcher is shown packing up her late husband's belongings, and telling him it's time for him to go.
Denis' ghost leaves her as she cries that she actually is not yet ready to lose him, to which he replies "You're going to be fine on your own Having finally overcome her grief, she contentedly washes a teacup alone in her kitchen.
Streep said: "The prospect of exploring the swathe cut through history by this remarkable woman is a daunting and exciting challenge.
NPR commentator Robert Seigel and Thatcher biographer John Campbell accused writer Abi Morgan and star Meryl Streep of having the most say in the film's production and dictating some historical inaccuracies, such as the film's photography showing no other woman serving in the House of Commons during the time Thatcher was serving,  with the hopes of presenting a different image of Thatcher to the film's American audience.
It is suggested in the film that Thatcher had said goodbye to her friend Airey Neave only a few moments before his assassination, and had to be held back from the scene by security officers.
In fact, she was not in Westminster at the time of his death and was informed of it while carrying out official duties elsewhere.
The film does not portray any other female MPs in Parliament. In fact, during Thatcher's time in Parliament, the total number of female MPs ranged between 19 and The Labour Party leader Michael Foot is depicted as a critic of the decision to send a task force to the Falkland Islands, and Thatcher is shown admonishing him in the wake of Britain's victory over Argentina.
In fact, Foot supported the decision to send a task force, something for which Thatcher expressed her appreciation. Campbell also noted that while Thatcher thought the House of Commons was dominated by a patronising male environment,  and that the film showed the representation from her point of view,  it did not encourage her to maintain the upper middle class image she used early in her political career as the film suggests and that Thatcher did in fact exploit the fact that she was raised by a grocer in a small Lincolnshire town and had a very ordinary background when she was running for leader of the Conservative Party.
Thatcher's staunch opposition to the reunification of Germany is not mentioned. The Prime Minister had felt that reunification might pave the way for the expansion of Nazi sympathy, and distrusted the West German government.
The Iron Lady received mixed reviews from critics, although there was strong praise for Streep's performance. The site's consensus reads: "Meryl Streep's performance as The Iron Lady is reliably perfect, but it's mired in bland, self-important storytelling.
The film's depiction of Thatcher has been criticised by her children, Mark and Carol , who are reported to have said, before completion of the film, that "it sounds like some left-wing fantasy.
The Daily Telegraph reported in January that "it is impossible not to be disturbed by [Streep's] depiction of Lady Thatcher's decline into dementia " as part of an article that was headlined: " The Iron Lady reflects society's insensitive attitude towards people with dementia.
Despite the film's mixed reviews, Streep's performance in the title role garnered much critical acclaim. Kevin Maher of The Times said: "Streep has found the woman within the caricature.
Thatcher stated before her death on 8 April that she does not watch films or programmes about herself. Not included on the soundtrack album or listings although credited among the eight songs at the end of the film is " I'm in Love with Margaret Thatcher " by Burnley punk band Notsensibles , which was re-released as a single due to the publicity.
The song appears seventy-five minutes into the film, as part of the Falklands War victory celebrations.
The Vagenda was a feminist online magazine launched in January ; it used the tagline "Like King Lear, but for girls," taken from Grazia magazine's summary of The Iron Lady.
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Film Music Reporter. Retrieved 25 September British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 12 April The Numbers.